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Canopic Jar

Canopic jar – in the form of Imseti or Mesti – One of the four sons of Horus. Smooth polished canopic jar with lid carved with features and body inscribed with hieroglyphics.

The canopic jar is part of Rochdale’s Egyptian collection consisting of over 200 objects excavated from various sites in Egypt.  Most of which were acquired through the Egyptian Exploration Funds.

Inscribed in hieroglyphics on the body of the jar is the following wording “I clasp my hand on account of that which is in me. I impart protection on account of Hapi who is me. Amen mes justified devout Osiris.” translated by Dr Birch, British Museum.

In ancient Egypt, when a body was preserved as a mummy, the internal organs were taken out as it was believed that it was important to preserve them alongside the mummified body. The heart was left in place but the intestines, stomach, lungs and liver were placed in four different containers. The Sons of Horus were four minor gods who protected the organs that they contained. They are: the falcon-headed Qebhsenuef (intestines); the jackal-headed Duamutef (the stomach); the baboon-headed Hapy (the lungs), and the human-headed Imsety or Mesti (the liver).